The Range function

The built-in range function in Python is very useful to generate sequences of numbers in the form of a list.

The given end point is never part of the generated list;

range(10) generates a list of 10 values, the legal indices for items of a sequence of length 10.

It is possible to let the range start at another number, or to specify a different increment (even negative;

Sometimes this is called the ‘step’):

Range Examples

Python Range Function

>>> range(1,10)
[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]

# You can use range() wherever you would use a list. 

a = range(1, 10) 
for i in a: 
    print i 

for a in range(21,-1,-2):
   print a,

#output>> 21 19 17 15 13 11 9 7 5 3 1


# We can use any size of step (here 2)
>>> range(0,20,2)
[0, 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18]

>>> range(20,0,-2)
[20, 18, 16, 14, 12, 10, 8, 6, 4, 2]

# The sequence will start at 0 by default. 
#If we only give one number for a range this replaces the end of range value.
>>> range(10)
[0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9]

# If we give floats these will first be reduced to integers. 
>>> range(-3.5,9.8)
[-3, -2, -1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8]

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