Python Programming – Technical Strength Of Python

You can learn about Introduction to Python Programming Programs with Outputs helped you to understand the language better.

Python Programming – Technical Strength Of Python

Python has the following technical features:

(a) Easy-to-learn, Use and Read: Python has relatively few keywords, a simple structure, and a clearly defined syntax. So, it is easy to learn and use. To run a Python program, you simply type it and execute it. There are no intermediate compile and link steps as there are for languages such as C or C++. Python executes pro¬grams immediately. Python code is much more clearly defined and visible to the eyes. So, programs written in Python are easily readable and understandable.

(b) Easy-to-maintain: Python is successful as its source code is fairly easy-to-maintain. It can be used as a scripting language or can be compiled to byte-code for building large applications.

(c) A Wide Standard Library: One of Python’s greatest strengths is the availability of the bulk of the library with add-on modules present. It is very portable and cross-platform i.e., compatible with UNIX, Windows, and Macintosh.

(d) Interactive Mode: It supports an interactive mode in which you can enter results from a terminal right to the program, allowing interactive testing and debugging of code.

(e) Portable: Python can run on a wide variety of hardware platforms and has the same interface on all platforms. So, it is called a platform-independent programming language. It runs on Windows, Linux/Unix, Mac OS X, and has been ported to the Java and .NET virtual machines also. Since Python can run equally well on a variety of platforms such as Windows, Linux/UNIX, Macintosh, Supercomputer, and smartphones, it is also called a true cross-platform language.

(f) Extendable: Additional functionality (other than what is provided in the core language) can be made available through modules and packages written in other languages (C, C++, Java, etc). You can add low-level modules to the Python interpreter. These modules enable programmers to add to or customize their tools to be more efficient.

(g) Databases: Python provides interfaces to all major commercial databases available today.

(h) GUI Programming: Python supports Graphical User Interface or GUI applications that can be created and ported to many system calls, libraries, and windows systems, such as Win¬dows MFC (Microsoft Foundation Class(es)), Macintosh, and the X Window system of UNIX.

(i) Free and Open Source: Python is an example of a FLOSS (Free/Libre and Open Source Software). In simple terms, you can freely distribute copies of this software, read its source code, make changes to it, and use pieces of it in new free programs. A large programming community is actively involved in the development and sup¬port of Python libraries for various applications such as web frameworks, mathematical computing, and data science.

(j) Variety of Usage and Applications: Python is a general-purpose programming language that can be used for both scientific and non-scientific programming. This language is used by companies in real revenue-generating products, such as the operation of Google search engine and YouTube. Intel, Cisco, HP (Hewlett-Packard), and IBM (International Business Machines) use Python for hardware testing. NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) and others use Python for their scientific programming task. It is also used in Rapid Prototyping, Database applications, Game development, Web applications, System Administrations, etc.

(k) Scalable: Python provides a better structure and support for large programs than shell scripting.

(l) Dynamic typing: One of the important features of Python is that it is a dynamically typed language. Programming languages such as C, C++, Java, and C# are statically typed languages. A variable in these languages is a user-friendly name given to a memory location and is intended to store the value of a particular data type. A variable in Python is not bound perma¬nently to a specific data type. Python keeps track of the kinds of objects your program uses
when it executes; it does not require complicated type and size declarations in your code.

(m) Automatic memory management: Python automatically allocates and reclaims (” garbage collector”) objects when no longer used, and most grow and shrink on demand.

(n) Supports multiple programming paradigms: Python supports multiple programming paradigms including imperative, procedural, object-oriented, and functional programming styles.

Python Programming – Introduction to Programming chapter 3 img 39

  • Python provides options, such as Tkinter (Python interface for Tk GUI toolkit), wxPython (Python interface for wxWindows), and JPython (a Python port for Java) to develop Graphical User Interfaces (GUIs).

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